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Home About Us History Timeline of the History of the Society

Timeline of the History of the Society

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This timeline was drawn up by Dr Neil Collins SSC who is documenting the history of the society.

Pre-foundation

 1909

Edward J. Galvin ordained priest in Maynooth for Cork. Spent 3 years on loan to Brooklyn.

 1911 

John M. Fraser, Canadian missionary in China, visits Italy, Ireland, & US looking for priests.
He spoke in Maynooth where John Blowick, Joseph O’Leary, Edward J. McCarthy & James Conway heard him.

 1912 

Galvin met Fraser in Brooklyn and went with him to Zhejiang (Chekiang), China. Writes many letters home looking for priests to join him.

 1915 

Joseph O’Leary and Pat O’Reilly join Galvin.

 1916 

O’Leary and O’Reilly (and E. J. McCarthy in Ireland) persuade Galvin to return to Ireland to set up a Chinese mission college. He arrives in August, and meets John Blowick. Together they approach the Irish bishops at their meeting in Maynooth on 10 October and get permission to collect money and found a mission college for China.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foundation

 1917 

Galvin & Blowick visit Rome. Monsignor Camillus Laurenti instructs them to found a college and draw up Constitutions for a society. They lease Dalgan Park, Shrule, Co. Mayo, in December. Minutes of the Council of Directors begin.
United States of America: Galvin and Matt Dolan leave Ireland for US 20 November.

 1918

 Ireland: College opens 29 January. The Far East first appears in January, with John Henaghan as editor.
 US: A house of the society established in Omaha, Nebraska. US edition of Far East in May.

 1919

  Congress of the Society 8 June. John Blowick Superior of the society.
  
E. J. McCarthy to the US.

 1920

 Australia: Edward Maguire and James Galvin sail to Australia. Far East appears October.

 1921

 Australia: House of society opened in Melbourne, 5 December.

 1922

 Ireland: Council decided to call the society St. Columban’s Chinese Mission Society.

 1925

 Constitutions approved by the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Missions

 1920

 China: First batch leaves for Hanyang.

 1921

 Irish Christian Brothers arrive December.

 1923

 Loretto Sisters arrive 19 October.

 1924

 Ireland: First General Chapter. Michael O’Dwyer elected Superior General.
 Missionary Sisters of St. Columban erected 10 September.

 1926

 Columbans Sisters leave for Hanyang.

 China: Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalist Revolutionary Army march north from Canton. Hanyang captured September.

 1927

 China: Galvin ordained Vicar Apostolic of Hanyang 6 November.

 1928

 China: Columbans take over Kienchang (Nancheng).

 1929 

 Timothy Leonard killed by communists 17 July.

 Philippines: Patrick Kelly & Michael Cuddigan take over Malate parish, Manila in May

 1931 

 

 China: Cornelius Tierney killed 28 February.

 China: Central China Flood engulfs Hanyang. 12 million refugees.

 Ireland: Second General Chapter

  

1933

 Korea: Ten Columbans arrive in Taegu, destined for Cholla Nam Do.

  

 1935 

 Philippines: Edward J. McCarthy, the beginning of Student Catholic Action.

 1936 

 Burma: Eight Columbans arrive in Rangoon in the autumn, on way to Bhamo.

1937

 China: Marco Polo Bridge Incident, the beginning of the Sino-Japanese War.

 Joseph Hogan founds the first Praesidium of Legion of Mary in China 31 Jan.

 Bishop Galvin sends 2 Hanyang students, Peter Zhang & Joseph Seng, to Rome

1938

 Philippines: Columbans to Misamis, Mindanao

1939

 Korea: Second mission founded, led by Thomas Quinlan.

 Philippines: Columban Sisters to Lingayen.

1941

 Pearl Harbor, December, World War II reaches the Pacific.

1942

 Korea: Priests interned.

1943

 Philippines: Japanese kill Frank Douglas 27 July.

 1944 

 France: Patrick McMahon killed in Normandy.

1945

 Philippines: Japanese kill Patrick Kelly, John Henaghan, Joseph Monaghan, Peter Fallon.

 rican shell kills John Lalor.

 1946 

 China: Jeremiah Pigott opens third mission in China. Huchow. All expelled by 1953.

1947

 Third General Chapter. Jeremiah Dennehy elected Superior General.

1948

 Japan: James Doyle and Joseph O’Brien arrive in Tokyo 6 January to begin mission.

1949

 China: Communists capture Wuhan May. People’s Republic of China declared 1 October

1950

 Philippines: Tom Flynn killed by Huks.

 1950-53

 Korea: Korean War.

 Deaths: Pat Brennan, Tom Cusack, Jack O’Brien, Tony Collier, James Maginn, Patrick Reilly, Francis Canavan

1952

  Galvin expelled September.

 Bishop Patrick Cleary expelled from Nancheng in December.

 Fourth General Chapter: Timothy Connolly elected Superior General.

 Peru: Martin Forde arrived in January. Parish of Bl. Martin de Porres.

 Chile: James Loughran reached Santiago, January. Parish of San Andres.

 Fiji: Charlie O’Mahoney and Rod Hoult reach Suva.

1953

 Hugh Sands, last Columban in Hanyang, expelled January.

 Luke and Seamus O’Reilly, last Columbans in Nancheng, expelled.

1958

 Korea: P.J. McGlinchey starts 4H Clubs, early social action.

1959

 Ireland: Some students sent to Templeogue to study in UCD.

1962

 Fifth General Chapter: James Kielt elected Superior General.

1962-65 

 Vatican II

1968 

 Burma: John Walsh killed.

1967 

 Formation: Meeting of seminary staffs in Bristol.

1968

 Latin America: General Conference of the Latin American Bishops at Medellin, 24 August to 6 September.
 Liberation Theology.
 Peru: Polarization.

1970

 Sixth General Chapter: Richard Steinhilber elected Superior General.
 Philippines: Martin Dempsey killed.
 Chile: Salvador Allende Gossens, a Marxist, elected president.

1973

 Chile: Coup: General Jose Ramon Pinochet Ugarte president.

1976

 Seventh General Chapter (Baguio), Tony O’Brien elected. Decision to open new missions.

1978

 Formation: Overseas Training Program (O.T.P.) begins.

 Pakistan Mission Unit opens September.

 Taiwan Mission Unit opens.

1979

 Burma: James Foley, James Cloonan and John J. O’Sullivan, the last 3 Columbans in Burma withdrew.

 Latin America: Latin American bishops meet at Puebla.

1981

 Fiji: Arthur Tierney goes to Vanuatu.

1982

 Eighth General Chapter (Lima): Columban Mission Today (CMT). Bernard Cleary elected Superior General.

 New policies: Columban Candidates from Local Churches, Lay Mission.

1983

 Peru: Joan Sawyer killed.

 1983-84

 Philippines: Trial of the Negros Nine: Niall O’Brien etc.

1985

 Brasil Mission Unit opens. 

 Japan: James Donohue killed.

1986

 Jamaica Mission Unit.

 Belize Mission Unit.

1988 

 Britain becomes a separate region.

 Ninth General Assembly (Pusan): Becoming More Missionary. Nicholas Murray elected.

1994

 Tenth General Assembly (Santiago). Nicholas Murray re-elected.

 Jamaica: Vinny Power killed.

2000 

 Eleventh General Assembly (Sydney). Brendan O’Sullivan elected.

2001

 Philippines: Rufus Halley killed.

2006

 Twelfth General Assembly (Dalgan). Tommy Murphy elected.

 
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